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Jul 12, 2011

Black Eagle Fund, the Shadow CIA and the relationship to Sept. 11th


   What happened to the Marcos gold after it was confiscated by US agents in 1986 has never been reported, but throughout the early 1990s, the world gold market would be befuddled by the mysterious appearance of thousands of tons of gold which appeared to suppress the price of gold. There were lawsuits introduced in the U.S. against a number of financial institutions and Alan Greenspan to determine the source of this gold. Gold traders suspected the US Treasury was the source of this gold, and contended that U.S. gold stock was being illegally manipulated for private gain by the bullion banks. A suit by Donald W. Doyle of Blanchard in which Barrick Gold was a primary defendant was settled out-of-court in 2006 and sealed under agreement. Barrick was also mentioned in another suit as a knowledgeable party. In 1992,Barrick had received special treatment from George H.W. Bush during the last several days of his Presidency, when for a nominal $10,000,Barrick received rights to mine deposits `valued' at $10 billion on public domain lands in Nevada. While there was nothing illegal to the arrangement, a special process put in place by President Bush allowed Barrick to use outside specialists to determine the value of the claim, allowing them to control the appraised value of the deposit. That special process was not made available to other mining applicants.
      In 1992, George H.W. Bush served on the Advisory Board of Barrick Gold. In the long term, the Barrick operation would create billions of dollars of paper gold by creating gold derivatives.   A major distribution channel for the sale of Barrick's gold futures would be Enron. Enron would also become the vehicle by which oil and gas contracts from the former Soviet Union (vehicles for Soviet money-laundering) were processed.     Another key player in the Marcos gold was Banker's Trust, which was taken over by Alex Brown & Sons, after Banker's Trust floundered financially on its Russian loans in the mid 1990s. These Russian loans were facilitated by Enron, starting in August of 1993, and very possibly were part of the takeover of Soviet industry.    Barrick Gold Corporation, which has no mining operations in Europe, used two refineries in Switzerland: MKS Finance S.A. and Argor-Heraeus S.A.  The big unknown is what gold was Barrick refining in Switzerland, as they have no mines in that region. Barrick would become a quiet gold producing partner for a number of major banks, and its activities became subject to an FBI investigation into gold-price-fixing. The gold that flooded the market for ten years has never been officially explained. The records of many of those transactions disappeared when Enron collapsed and the trading operation and all its records were taken over by Union Bank of Switzerland, another major recipient of Marcos gold.    The "tracking the money" project was conducted over-all by Household International with the assistance reportedly of Systematics, a banking computer /wire transfer firm, originally a subsidiary of an Arkansas-based operation. Targeted have been the banks of both friends and enemies alike. Vince Foster and his crew --  Hillary Clinton and Webster Hubbell -- used as a cover  that they were supposedly attorneys for Systematics. Vincent and Hillary's role in this was arranged and supervised by a Chicago-based law firm Hopkins & Sutter. The Yamato Dynasty: The secret history of Japan's imperial family by Sterling and Peggy Seagrave (Corgi, 2000)
This book brings to light new evidence that points to the implicit involvement of Hirohito and other members of the imperial family's inner circle in the war crimes of World War II.
Asian Loot: Unearthing the secrets of Marcos, Yamashita and the gold by Charles C McDougald (San Francisco Publishers, 1993).
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     Beginning in 1969 James Giffen started traveling to Moscow as an aide to a Connecticut metals trader.  Giffen worked his way up to become a major player in a US-Soviet business association with top-level political ties in both Washington and Moscow.  The goal was to prevent the Russians and PRC/China from gaining control of what was estimated to be the world's largest untapped oil reserves - Kazak oil in the Caspian South of Russia, in Kazakhstan, Giffen became an oil adviser to Kazakhstan's president in 1992.  As a result of his business dealings, he wascharged in 2003 of giving $78 million from oil companies to senior officials in Kazakh government (aka bribery).    In 2003, he was charged by the US attorney's office with violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1974 and with money laundering.  When arrested he was carrying a Kazakhstani diplomatic passport, though dual citizenship is not allowed by the laws of Kazakhstan. Giffen was charged with creating Swiss bank accounts and transferring $20 million, paying tuition at exclusive boarding schools for family members of Kazakh officials, and buying millions of dollars in jewelry.  J. Bryan Williams III, a former Mobil executive, was also charged with tax evasion relating to kickbacks from Mobil's business in Kazakhstan.  In the 1970s, after American firms admitted to spending hundreds of millions of dollars bribing foreign officials, so Congress passed the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act to prevent US corporations from supporting corrupt dictatorships.     Giffen's lawyers had argued in his defense that whatever crimes he had allegedly committed occurred while he was a highly valued foreign asset of American intelligenceGiffen had requested access to classified information at his trial to back up his claims, but the government opposed the revelation of classified information.   His five trials of these charges lasted over seven years.  The case seemed open and shut, since the prosecutors presented a detailed paper trail -- provided by a Swiss magistrate -- of Giffen slicing payments into tiny discrete pieces for transfer into secret Swiss bank accounts, rather than shifting them as a whole, a classic method of money laundering.   Eventually, prosecutors dropped all foreign bribery, money laundering, and fraud charges against Giffen in exchange for a guilty plea on a misdemeanor tax charge, U.S. District Judge William Pauley ordered no prison time and no fines in sentencing proceedings at a New York City courthouse.  Four years later, with oil going for $95 a barrel, it's not so clear. The British government, citing-national security concerns, has called off an investigation into bribery of influential Saudis.    Shortly after Giffen established a foothold, the president of Kazakhstan was working with Shaul Eisenberg, Marc Rich, Dick Cheney and George Soros.  The illegal flow of money from the various oil companies would reach a number of banks. These same oil interests would engage March Rich and the Israeli Eisenberg Group, owned by one of the Mossad's key operatives, Shaul Eisenberg, to move the oil.     Attorney General John Ashcroft did not recusal himself in the case of federal grand juries in New York and Washington investigating two additional Ashcroft donors, ExxonMobil and BP Amoco.  ExxonMobil had given more money to Ashcroft's campaign.      Ashcroft had quietly moved to exert control over the New York grand jury from Washington and to exercise "unusual influence"  over the Washington investigations.   There were also multiple reports that several high-ranking career prosecutors in both New York and Washington have raised serious objections to Ashcroft's actions and his failure to publicly recluse himself in these cases.   The two grand juries had been investigating allegations that ExxonMobil and BP Amoco paid cash bribes to the president of Kazakhstan and his oil minister and that Mobil engaged in an illegal oil swap of Kazakh oil through Iran in 1997. Vice President Dick Cheney's energy task force was meeting representatives of both companies after the grand juries had been empanelled.      At issue is a 25 percent stake purchased by Mobil in Kazakhstan's Tengiz oil field, following an earlier purchase of 50 percent by Chevron and an apparently desperate attempt a year later to start making money from the fields by engaging in an illegal swap with Iran as a means of getting the Tengiz oil to market. Until Sept. 11, there was only one obstacle preventing the oil companies and their related industries from building the necessary pipelines, immune from Russian influence, which would have turned the Central Asian oil into dollars -- the Taliban.     ExxonMobil's role in the bribery and illegal oil swap, as well as the ensuing federal investigations, was comprehensively documented in a July 2001 New Yorker article entitled The Price of Oil by the venerable Seymour Hersh. Allegations being investigated by the New York grand jury involve felony violations (bribery) of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. The Washington, D.C. grand jury is investigating evidence that links Mobil to an illegal 1997 swap of Kazakh oil through Iran, which would constitute a felony violation of the 1996 Iran Trade Sanctions Act.

     The coup began the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the beginning of the reign of Boris Yeltsin and his `family' of Russian Mafia Oligarchs, and President of Kazakhstan.      In the final phase, a series of operatives assigned by President George H.W. Bush would begin the takeover of prized Russian and CIS industrial assets in oil, metals and defense. This was done by financing and managing the money-laundering for the Russian oligarchs through the Bank of New York, AEB and Riggs Bank.
     A closer look at other activities leading up to these phases makes it clear that is was a U.S. orchestrated intelligence effort from the beginning. The economic war involved Gerald Corrigan of the NY Federal Reserve Bank, George Soros, an international currency speculator who was responsible for crashing the British pound a few years earlier, former Ambassador to Germany R. Mark Palmer, and Ronald Lauder-financier and heir to the Estee Lauder estate. Palmer and Lauder would lead a group of American investors in an Operation called the Central European Development Corporation, and combine forces with George Soros and the NM Rothschild Continuation Trust. This group ended up controlling Gazprom, the Russian natural gas giant, while the Riggs group ended up controlling Yukos, the oil giant. Ownership for both remains largely `hidden' today, while its front men endure the hardships of the Russian wrath by spending time in prison.Azeri-Armenian War in 1993

    Bush Sr. had assigned a wide array of former Iran-Contra criminals to take a role in Azerbaijan. Initially, he sent in the covert operativesRichard Armitage and Richard Secord who worked with their old colleague from the Mossad, David Kimche, and their old arms running colleagues Adnan Kashoggi and Farhad Azima to hire, transport, and train 
 more than 1,000 Afghan mujahideen mercenaries (aka Al Qaeda) to fight on behalf of the Azeri freedom fighters.   Osama Bin Laden was reported to have been part of this mercenary force.
    Captured documents taken from battlefields in southwestern Azerbaijan provide the first hard evidence that Afghan troops hired by the Azerbaijan government were actively involved in recent fighting with Armenian forces.  Armenian officials now warn that the introduction of Muslim Afghan fighters poses the danger of turning the conflict, between Christian Armenians and Muslim Turkic Azeris, into a religious war. It further intensifies the danger of broadening of the conflict to involve neighboring Iran and Turkey, provoking a reaction from Russia, which also borders this region. Azerbaijan and Armenia are both former Soviet republics.    Ten years later in 2001, these programs had finally come back to haunt the US policy makers. Most, if not all of these programs appear to have stepped outside of the boundaries of the law. As a result, investigative agencies from Britain, Switzerland, Russia, Kazakhstan and the Philippines were putting pressure on Congress and the US Department of Justice to open up the accounts in the banks used to finance these covert activities. Pressure was being put on the Swiss banking cartel to open its bullion records to public scrutiny. Full disclosure by these banks during an investigation would have resulted in a major exposure of US complicity in some of the greatest financial frauds of the 1980s and early 1990s as well as 50 years of gold bullion theft by numerous US and British government agencies. Moreover, investigation into these accounts would disclose a National Security secret known as the Black Eagle fund, and virtually every covert operation since World War II.
    History suggests that in September of 1991, George H.W. Bush and Alan Greenspan did indeed finance $240 billion in bonds in a buyout of the Soviet Union as part of a broader program to end the Cold War through an attack on the economy of the Soviet Union. and ten years later in 2001, these programs had finally come back to haunt the U.S. policy makers.  Most, if not all of these programs appear to have stepped outside of the boundaries of the law. 
     As a result, investigative agencies from Britain, Switzerland, Russia, Kazakhstan and the Philippines were putting pressure on Congress and the U.S. Department of Justice to open up the accounts in the banks used to finance these covert activities, which were being viewed as criminal activities in foreign courts. Alan Greenspan, the Treasury Department and key banks in the U.S. and Europe were being sued for gold-price fixing or illegal gold sales which appears to have it's origins in the covert war chest used to wage this war.

    These investigative and legal pressures began to accumulate in 1997, and in February 1998 increasing the magnitude of exposure these bankers and government officials faced.
    Carlyle Group is the biggest defense contractor on the planet. The majority owners of the Carlyle Group are the Bush family and the bin Laden family. They are profiting in the hundreds of billions off of this new war
 (Judicial Watch, September 28, 2001, "Bush Sr. in Business with Bin Laden Family Conglomerate Through Carlyle Group"; The Village Voice, October 11, 2001, "Bush Sr. Could Profit from War";  BBC News, December 4, 1997, "Taleban in Texas for talks on gas pipeline")....     On December 4, 1997, a BBC headline read, "Representatives of the Taleban are in Texas Visiting the Headquarters of Unicol." The article went on to report that they were in Texas with the Halliburton-connected pipeline construction company. Dick Cheney was the CEO of Halliburton from 1995 to 2000), Unicol to negotiate their support for a pipeline, which would be built by Halliburton.     The Bush family have strong ties to the oil industry going back to John D. Rockefeller and the early days of the industry. George W. Bush's great-grandfather, Samuel Bush, was an associate of John D. Rockefeller and ran Buckeye Steel Castings in the early 20th century. The daughter of George Herbert Walker, the financier and associate of the Harrimans, married Samuel's son, Prescott Bush, investment banker, U.S. senator, and father of George Herbert Walker Bush (Bush senior).     In the decade 1991-2001, Americans paid $1.6 trillion more in taxes that energy extraction corporations, and energy extraction corporations received $0.8 trillion more in federal payments than it paid in federal taxes. The lion's share of subsidies and tax breaks to the energy industry goes oil, gas, and coal corporations.
     The primary reason these noneconomic subsidies continue to flow decade after decade is the political power of the extraction industries, a power that has been wielded in both Republican and Democratic administrations but has been greatly magnified under the Bush administration.
There 53 members of the Bush administration with close ties to the extraction industries.
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     According to leaked documents from an intelligence file obtained through a military source in the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), on or about September 12, 1991 non-performing and unauthorized gold-backed debt instruments were used to purchase ten-year bonds. The bonds in turn were illegally employed as collateral to borrow $240 billion--120 in Japanese Yen and 120 in Deutsch Marks--exchanged for US currency under false pretenses; or counterfeit and unlawful conversion of collateral against which an unlimited amount of money could be created in derivatives and debt instruments.

    The illegal transactions are also linked to the murder of a US Army Colonel Russell Hermann, who was charged with overseeing approximately 175 secret CIA bank accounts, according to the officer's wife, Mrs. V. K. Durham. During multiple interviews, Mrs. Durham said that Bush 41 and Clinton administration officials visited her husband several times in the months prior to and three days before his torture and murder on August 29, 1994.  She stated that Col. Hermann believed these funds were the property of the US citizens rather than the private slush fund of the Bush circle, and protested the manner in which they were being used.  Ambassador Leo Wanta has since maintained a similar stance, that the earnings from his covert operations should be public funds rather than covert slush funds used by criminal US presidents.
     Durham said $240 billion in stolen currency was obtained resulting from George H. W. Bush's presidential abuse of power, when he authorized former Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady and former Secretary of State James Baker III to make fraudulent use of theDurham Family Trust collateral without her permission. There is evidence that Colonel Hermann's and V. K. Durham's signatures were forged on a Goldman-Sachs bank account certification requesting the conversions to U.S. currency.

     The money was never repaid since the ten-year bonds--purchased before September 13, 1991 using the fraudulent collateral and gold bullion as security came due on September 12, 2001--the day after the 9.11 attacks, having allegedly been underwritten and held by the trustee, Cantor-Fitzgerald bond brokerage firm .  Moreover, Durham alleges that any 10-year bond payoff for notes due on 9-12-2001 would have led to additional evidence of trillions in stolen funds from the US Treasury. Besides the intelligence file leaked to Durham, other documents were obtained by Tom Flocco from whistleblower Stewart Webb's intelligence sources.
 
The following is a summary of the book, Gold Warriors - The Vulcans - Murdering Liberty and Killing Hope on 911 by Jeff Prager
WHY September 11th - The Cover-up of the Black Eagle Trust and Project Hammer

With the bonds out in the market, they sat for ten years, like a ticking time bomb. At some point, they had to be settled - or cashed in, onSeptember 11, 2001.
    The two firms in the US most likely to be handling them would be Cantor Fitzgerald and Eurobrokers – the two largest government securities firms in the US. The federal agency mostly involved in investigating those transactions was the Office of Naval Intelligence.  All three offices destroyed on Sept. 115h.

     There were at least nine federal investigations being conducted into bank accounts related to operations. All of these investigations were initiated, in 1997-98 timeframe:

1) The Marcos Gold Hearing began in Los Angeles, in August 1997. The banks and accounts involved in that hearing, were the Swiss banks:  UBS, and Bank Julius Baer.

2) The Eizenstatz Report and a public campaign waged by the Simon Wiesenthal Center  launched suits against three Swiss banks.

3) The Reginald Howe suit - in which the US bullion banks were accused of dumping US Treasury gold on the market illegally. The Reginald Howe & GATA Lawsuit was filed on January 8th, 2000 naming Deutschebank (a.k.a. Deutschebank Alex Brown),  US Treasury, Alan Greenspan, Federal Reserve, Citibank and Chase, as defendants. Also mentioned as having non-public knowledge of the scheme are Gerald Corrigan and Barrick Gold. (The 2000 filing suggests investigations began long before.)

4) The Bank of New York money laundering scandal: the Department of Justice was under pressure to investigate accounts of multiple individuals who benefited from these transactions: Loutchansky, Marc Rich and Berezovsky (Berezovski). The FBI investigation started in the Fall of 1998, The investor lawsuit was opened in September 1999. These investigations involved accounts at Credit Suisse, Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS), Dresdner Bank, Westdeutsche Landesbank and Banque Internacionale of Luxembourg.All of these individual would at some point be mentioned as playing a role in the money laundering scandal at the Bank of New York, that would ultimately be reopened in 2002, after being buried for three years by federal prosecutor Mary Jo White, a first cousin to former President George Bush.

5) The Avisma law suit was filed August 19th, 1999 naming as defendants Bank Menatep, Harvard Institute for International Development, and the Bank of New York;

6) The federal investigation of Konanykhine's European Union Bank: The Konanykhine  investigation was begun by the INS in February 1999. Other banks included in that investigation would have been the European Union Bank and Bank Menatep.  

7) Richard Giffen/Mobil Oil scandal - The FBI Probe began in 1999, and would have involved accounts at Credit Suisse, Bank of New York, Cayman Islands, and the Deutsche Bank (a.k.a. Deutschebank Alex Brown).,

8) Yeltsin's 
Union Bank of Switzerland accounts were being investigated for bribery.

9) Kevin Ingram would testify that he had advised Bob Graham in advance that the World Trade Center was to be attacked. This Deutsche Bank executive was convicted of laundering money for weapons purchases for Muslim terrorists through Pakistani agents; The Ingram investigation was begun by the FBI as early as July 1999, and involved the Deutschebank (a.k.a. Deutschebank Alex Brown). The records for some of these investigations resided in World Trade Center, Building Six, Building Seven and the North Tower. The account structure set up by the US intelligence operations was besieged by investigations from nine different directions, any one of which may have exposed the source of that funding, and traced it to its Black Eagle Fund origins. Those investigations needed to be diverted.
 On September 11th, the Federal Register reported that the physical securities held by the brokers in their vaults had been destroyed.
The Federal Reserve Suspends the Rules
On the first day after the Sept. 11, 2001 alleged terrorist attack, the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) lifted "Rule 15c3-3 - Customer Protection, Reserves and Custody of Securities," which set trading rules.  As a result the Federal Reserve and the Government Securities Clearing Corporation ( GSCC) had created a settlement environment totally void of controls and reporting – where it could substitute valid, new government securities for the mature, illegal securities, and not have to record where the bad securities came from, or where the new securities went – all because the paper for the primary brokers for US securities had been eliminated.
The Government Securities Clearing Corporation ( GSCC) part of the Division of Market Regulation of the SEC.  GSCC is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a securities clearing agency for U.S. government securities. GSCC provides automated trade comparison, netting, and settlement services for U. S GSCC employs a number of risk management procedures that enable it to guarantee settlement of all net settlement positions. Through its daily mark to the market process, GSCC brings net positions that are not due for settlement from contract value to current market value each day. Each morning, GSCC collects mark payments from Netting Members that are in a debit mark position and pays such marks to Netting members that are in a credit mark position. In addition to the risk management procedures described above, another of GSCC s risk management controls is its Clearing Fund. The Clearing Fund ensures that, if one or more of its members fails, GSCC has sufficient liquidity at all times to meet its payment and delivery obligations.

The Federal Reserve did not have enough "takers" of the new 10 year notes. Rather than simply having to match buy and sell orders, which was the essence of resolving the "fail" problem, it appears the Fed was doing more than just matching and balancing – it was pushing new notes on the market with a special auction. It appears some of the beneficiaries wanted to cash out!

"Acute settlement problems with the on-the-run ten-year note led the U.S. Treasury to reopen the issue on October 4 and hold an unusual "snap" auction of new ten-year securities." 

If the Federal Reserve had to cover-up the clearance of $240 Billion in covert securities, they could not let the volume of capital shrink by that much in the time of a monetary crisis. They would have had to push excess liquidity into the market, and then phase it out for a soft landing, which is exactly what appears to have happened. In about two months, the money supply was back to where it was prior to 911.

In the aftermath of September 11th, the SEC appears to have allowed the Bank of New York and the Federal Reserve to engage in securities refinancing that resulted in the American taxpayer refinancing the $240 billion originally used for the Great Ruble Scam.  A review of the explanations for the actions of the Federal Reserve after September 11th exposes an amazingly complex web of analysis and speculation. The reports published by the Federal Reserve argue that the Federal Reserve's actions increasing the monetary supply by over $300 billion were justified to overcome operational difficulties in the financial sector.

A Federal Reserve report about what happened in the aftermath of the 9/11 attack, indicated that only "a few" were seriously disrupted.  Ananalysis of the FED report suggests that any disruptions were essentially concentrated in one bank – the Bank of New York (BoNY).  The same Bank of New York was being investigated for money laundering charges in relation to the economic pillaging of Russia by criminal oligarchs.

"At one point during the week after September 11, BoNY publicly reported to be overdue on $100 billion in payments."

The Deutschebank, which sat inside the World Trade Center and was totally decimated, reported no such account balance increase, and JP Morgan, the other of only two clearing banks which uses the same traders and communications hub, reported no such increase in its account balance. No one has publicly asked: why is it that these other two banks were not seriously disrupted, while the Bank of New York – which had no structural damage, seemed unable to operate? Understanding what was happening at the BoNY becomes critical to understanding the securities settlement issues:

GSCC and several dealers could not verify what came into and what left their custodial accounts at BoNY, they could not advise BoNY of securities they expected to receive, and they could not give BoNY instructions for delivering securities. Additionally, GSCC was unable to verify the movement of funds into and out of its account at BoNY (GSCC Important Notice GSCC068.01).  

Finally, with respect to the Bank of New York operations and the level of disruption experienced on September 11th, an important element needs to be highlighted. Disruptions to the financial system were attributed to the loss of the communications hub in downtown Manhattan. The telephone network operations center (NOC) or hub was decimated when the WTC collapsed onto it. However, the BoNY Funding Transfer operations, which reportedly could not communicate with the Fed, were located in Utica, New York, and had none of its communication abilities impaired. Moreover, the four BoNY back-up datacenters were all located within 46 miles of Manhattan, and could and did deliver data on tape regularly to the Fed via courier.  

• The disruptions to the U.S. financial system were not as widespread as the reports from the Federal Reserve would have the public believe, but that the public had to be made to perceive a widespread need for declaring  a national financial emergency, suspending key provisions of the Federal Reserve Act and driving the `ten-year special rate' to almost zero.  

• Certain key unknown figures in the Federal Reserve may have `conspired' with key unknown figures at the Bank of New York to create a situation where $240 billion in off balance sheet securities created in 1991 as part of an official covert operation to overthrow the Soviet Union, could be cleared without publicly acknowledging their existence. 

• These securities, originally managed by Cantor-Fitzgerald, were cleared and settled in the aftermath of September 11th through the BoNY. The $100 billion account balance bubble reported by the Wall Street Journal as being experienced in the BoNY was the tip of a three day operation,  when these securities were moved from off-balance-sheet to the balance sheet.

• By reducing the `ten-year special rate' to almost zero, the Fed structurally increased the number of refinancing (Repo) settlement fails. Under the umbrella of this artificially created statistical bump of fails, the high level of fails due to the laundering of the $240 billion was able to be processed unnoticed. 

• The cover for this bubble is found in the footnotes to the BoNY annual and quarterly reports, which report that the BoNY took over $330 billion of commercial securities business from U.S. Trust between June and October of 2001, although the assets under control of U.S. Trust in 2000 were reported by two sources as $80 or $86 billion.
On over-riding consideration in the Fed's management of the aftermath of September 11th was the concentration in account balances at the Federal Reserve.

It is clear that the concentration in account balances at the Federal Reserve — rising more than fourteen- fold from its normal levels on the days following the terrorist attacks—was a most unusual event. If a large proportion of the balances in the banking system concentrate in one bank's account, then other banks will face, all else being equal, higher costs of making payments, or alternatively may face liquidity constraints on their borrowing, which could preclude their submission of further payments."

A key consideration is the pre-911 daily average for this balance.  These balances and service-related balances for August 2001 averaged $14.65 billion per day. This makes the actual surges due to the 9/11 attack show a net impact of $352 billion on the account balance over the remainder of the week.  What appears to be the case is that the Federal Reserve imbalances reported  on three consecutive days in the aftermath were largely concentrated at the Bank of New York, which is reported to represent over 90% of the imbalance, suggesting the Bank had been the recipient of massive fund transfers, and unable to send out transfers


None of the BoNY's systems failed or went non-operational.  Todd Gibbons of the BoNY reported an "increase" in the volume of securities on September 11.

"The contingency site muse be able not only to accommodate normal business loads, it must be able to accommodate extreme business surges, such as we saw in the first day in the equities market. Our contingency plans had included the ability to handle a great amount of excess capacity; and we were able to handle the increase in volumes..."

However, the overall volumes for the day were 25% less than normal and one third of the volume or $400 billion came in after normal business hours in very few transactions.  Overall transactions for Sept. 11th were seemingly down even more significantly than volume, but the transactions that came in after closing were extremely large, averaging in size in packages of $35 million or more. This would be consistent with a hypothesis that $240 billion of securities were being pushed surreptitiously into the money supply. Additionally, the conflicting information from the BoNY and Fed suggests the activity in the bank was different that that being reported to the public.

"August 2001, the value of Fedwire funds transfers averaged more than $1.6 trillion per day, while banks held about $15 billion on account. The value of funds sent on September 11th  was $1.2 trillion, about three-fourths of the average for the benchmark period. However, unlike volume, the value of funds sent had returned to normal levels on the twelfth and was then at elevated levels for the next seven business days."
(Liquidity Effects of the Events of September 11, 2001, James J. McAndrews and Simon M. Potter, Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review, November 2002, p65).

The Federal Reserve, without providing the detail required to substantiate it's claims, would have the public believe that there were widespread liquidity issues, when in fact the issues were very concentrated primarily, if not singularly, in the BoNY, which has been the subject of an ongoing major money-laundering investigation for many years.
Summary:
What we have is evidence of some people knew how to game the financial system and on Sept. 11, 2001 nine federal investigation were stopped and there is every reason to believe activities in the Bank of New York in the aftermath of September 11th are worthy of suspicion.
Copyrighted July 11, 2011
What we have is evidence of some people knew how to game the financial system and on Sept. 11, 2001 nine federal investigation were stopped and there is every reason to believe activities in the Bank of New York in the aftermath of September 11th are worthy of suspicion.
     It is said that in 1936 Japan's Emperor Hirohito realized that a new world war was coming. He foresaw that to defeat the United States would require extraordinary military forces backed by unprecedented financing. He organized a special team to confiscate the wealth of Asia, overseen by his brother Prince Chichibu.  Japan's top underworld crime boss, Yoshio Kodama, was made an admiral and put in charge of looting occupied Asia's gangsters.  The latter's organization was code-named kin no yuri, or 'Golden Lily', the title of one of the emperor's poems.
     Other princes headed different parts of Golden Lily across the conquered territories. One of these was Prince Takeda Tsuneyoshi, one of Hirohito's first cousins and grandson of the emperor Meiji, who is said to have been ultimately responsible for seeing that all the gold in the Philippines was buried.
     The first major project of this group – the rape of Nanking – was only the tip of the iceberg. As the Japanese imperial army swept through China and occupied virtually all of south-east Asia, it seized over 4,000 years' worth of stored gold, silver, precious gems and works of art.
     Much of Europe's vast wealth had also been secretly placed in Japan's path. This included moving many of the national treasures of the Netherlands to the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), French Indochina (Vietnam) and those of Britain to Singapore.  Field Marshall Count Terauchi commanded the Japanese imperial forces in the south-eastern Pacific. He sent orders to Admiral Masaharu, the military commander of the Philippines before Yamashita, and several other admirals and generals saying that all war booty taken from their respective occupied territories – Java, Sumatra, Singapore, Malaya, Thailand, Burma and northern India – should be collected and transferred to Japan.   However, from theend of 1943, the great bulk of the World War II treasure was sent to the Philippines.   The Japanese strongly believed that they would be able to keep the Philippines as a concession for peace, then would use the vast wealth hidden there to rebuild their empire. Thus, the relocation of the enormous shipments of war treasure to the Philippines was seen as Japan's only hope of ethnic survival.
       As the shipping lanes to Japan became too dangerous  due to patrolling US Navy. The Japanese forces were busy hiding and securing the stolen loot. Elaborate tunnels were dug, some to depths of hundreds of feet, to the final 'storage chambers'.  Many of these tunnels were excavated just below the water table during the dry season, which meant that they would eventually fill with water – a deterrent to any future salvagers. And if that were not enough, most if not all of the tunnels were booby-trapped with 1,000- and 2,000-lb bombs and poisonous gas.
     In most cases, POW labor was used to dig the intricate tunneling systems. In all cases, when securing the gold in the pits was completed, the POWs were executed and buried along with the treasures. In rare cases, Japanese officers even had their own soldiers killed and buried along with the treasure, to protect the secret locations.
     In June 1945, with US tanks less than 30 kilometers away, General Yamashita, head of the Japanese occupying army in the Philippines, knew the war was lost. He held a farewell party in Luzon province for 175 Japanese chief engineers, in one of the 175 underground tunnel complexes the engineers had constructed. At midnight, with the sake and patriotic singing in full flow, Yamashita (with two of Emperor Hirohito's princes) slipped out and detonated dynamite at the tunnel's entrance. Buried 70 meters underground, the engineers had only the mute company of row upon row of gold bars, looted by the Japanese army from the territories it had conquered in Asia.
     When the Americans invaded the islands, there was still much treasure remaining to be buried. Japanese forces took it with them during their retreat and interred it in many different locations.     In the Philippines, there are said to be 172 "documented" official Japanese imperial burial sites (138 on land and 34 in deliberately scuttled ships), not to mention the numerous instances of World War II loot buried by greedy officers and renegade soldiers. The worth of all this booty is estimated to be as much as $3 billion at 1940 rates – the equivalent of over $100 billion today. According to various post-war estimates, the gold bullion alone totals 4,000 to 6,000 tons.
     In October 1945, American intelligence agents learned where some of the Japanese loot was hidden. OSS spies watched as Japanese troops buried treasure on the island of Luzon and the OSS began a clandestine recovery operation that lasted until 1948.  This was headed by a Filipino-American OSS contract agent, Severino Garcia Santa Romana.  Santa Romana`s OSS case officer was BG Edward Lansdale.   Lansdale was a member of the staff of General Charles Willoughby, who was General MacArthur's chief of Intelligence. Lansdale and Severino Garcia Diaz Santa Romana tortured Major Kojima Kashii, General Yamashita Tomoyuki's driver, until he revealed the sites of the gold.
     General Douglas MacArthur, former US president Herbert Hoover and CIA Director Allen Dulles knew the US was confiscating this loot.  Lansdale briefed Assistant Secretary of War John J. McCloy about the findings, and a US Cabinet-level decision was made to confiscate the gold and cover-up its discovery.   President Truman may also have been in the charmed circle of those who were in the know. Santa Romana set up numerous front companies to launder the secretly recovered gold bullion.   
     The Golden Lily loot now financed the clandestine Yotsuya Fund which supported a death squad of Kodama's criminal associates, headed by a US army colonel, which targeted student leaders, liberals, leftists, union organizers, journalists and others who got in the way of the revival of capitalism in Japan.
     The Keenan Fund, named after Joseph Keenan, the chief prosecutor in the Tokyo war crimes trials, also drew on Golden Lily funds to bribe witnesses to falsify their testimony so that the reputations of the emperor, right-wing politicians and criminal bosses like Kodama could be refurbished and bolster pro-US and solidly conservative political influence in post-war Japan.
     The fund bribed witnesses of Japan's chemical and biological warfare program to commit perjury so that the deadly knowledge they held could be kept secret and passed on to the US military. It also bribed witnesses of the Golden Lily project itself. Making common cause with the Yotsuya Fund, there were violent deaths and suspicious "assisted suicides of those who resisted the bribes.
     Both funds were eventually rolled into the M-Fund, which began at a "modest US$2 billion, but grew quickly to be almost 10% of Japan's gross national product by 1950. The profits financed Japan's "self-defense army and the formation of Japan's hegemonic right-wing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).
     The M-Fund paid huge inducements to all LDP factions to support Nobosuke Kishi, who was actively involved in the use of slave labor as a wartime minister (and with a sideline in narcotics since the 1930s), as LDP leader against a less pro-US rival. During his three-year reign as prime minister, from 1957-1960, the LDP received $10 million each year from the CIA, chiefly drawn from the M-Fund.
     Under international law the gold should have been either returned to the countries from which it was stolen or should have been incorporated into the US Treasury.  The name of this secret fund most commonly used is the Black Eagle Trust, which came from the Eagle stamped on capture Nazi gold and was the original captured gold. This secret fund is also known as the Marcos gold, Yamashita's Gold, the Golden Lily Treasure, and the Durham Trust or Project. Over the years, the significance of the Nazi gold would pale in comparison to the confiscated Japanese treasure.   The Japanese Army for over fifty years had been pillaging of Southeast Asia and China.   Reports vary, but documents in the public domain suggest the recovered treasure was in excess of 280,000 metric tons of gold.
      The men responsible for initiating and executing the confiscation this gold were the most senior Intelligence officers in the US and Britain Armies at the end of World War II, and the Cabinet of the President of the United States. The financial institutions represented by these individuals would become the major financial banks in the world, along with the Swiss-German banks where they hid their gold.

• Allen Dulles, future Director of the CIA and boss of the following people, a principal of Bank of New York, and legal representative of Brown Brothers, Harriman.

• Henry S Morgan and Spencer Morgan.  Henry and Spencer were the sons of JP Morgan, and would return from their service to manage the financial empire that would evolve from JP Morgan to `Morgan and Chase' to then to `Chase Manhattan' to finally what in 2008 was known as Chase. 

• Paul Helliwell would become the primary covert operations banker for U.S. intelligence, setting up in Nassau Castle Bank and then Mercantile Bank and Trust. When Castle Bank needed to be closed, he set up Nugan Hand Bank. When the Nugan Hand Bank closed, he helped shift banking operations to Household Bank in Chicago, Illinois and to the notorious BCCI bank. His front man, and associate of Bill Donovan was General Earle Cocke.

• General Earl Cocke would be the financial advisor to every President from Truman until Cocke's death in the year 2000. Cocke was a true American hero in the classical sense: the recipient of the Silver Star, four Bronze Stars and four Purple Hearts.  He was also the coordinator for the Black Eagle Fund and Project Hammer, which would be used to bring down the Soviet Union and attempt to bring Soviet oil and gas resources under the control of Western investors.

• George S Moore; future President and CEO of First National City Bank of New York, which would evolve to become Citibank. Citibank would end up with over 116,000 metric tons of the Marcos Gold.

• General George Olmsted; was another World War II hero who subsequently was responsible for distributing U.S. Military Assistance, later becoming President of a Washington DC based bank holding company known as International Bank, which took over the CIA's Mercantile Bank and Trust in the Bahamas. Under Olmsted's leadership, International Bank sold Financial General Bankshares (FGB) then known as First American, to BCCI.

• William Colby, future CIA director and lawyer for Helliwell's covert operation banks.

• William Casey, future Director of the CIA. Casey took over from Paul Helliwell the "Secret Intelligence Branch" of the OSS in Europe in 1945.
John and William Keswick
     Virtually all of these men would play a dominant role in the worlds' most important banks. The sons of Henry Keswick, John and William Keswick, were British OSS officers and participated and support for the OSS.  The British OSS was called the Special Operations Executive. From the British Special Operations Executive came participation and support for the OSS from. Fifty years later, the financial institutions represented by these individuals would become the major financial banks in the world, along with the Swiss-German banks they hid their gold in.
    The Henry Keswick (British) family had controlling interest in Jardine Matheson Bank, which owned and operated Ferdinand Marcos' gold smelting operation, which was opened in the mid 1970s. The Keswick family also had controlling interest in the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC), which was the largest holder of Santa Romana's known gold accounts, although Citibank would be the largest recipient of the confiscated treasure. When Romana died, the bank refused to hand over his accounts to his heirs, and confiscated his accounts.
William Keswick (1834-1912)
The company operated as merchant traders and had a major influence in the opium wars although the company stopped this trading in 1870 to pursue a broad range of trades including shipping, railways, textiles and property development.
William arrived in China and Hong Kong in 1855,
2nd Generation
Henry Keswick (1870-1928)
Represented  Hong Kong at the coronation of King George V in 1911
3rd Generation
William Keswick (1903-1990)
John Keswick     (1906-1982)
They served as members of the Legislative and Executive Councils in Hong Kong and of the Council of the International Settlement in Shanghai. They were also Chairmen of the Shanghai Municipal Council and Chamber of Commerce at various times. When William and his father Henry Keswick returned to the United Kingdom they both served as Members of Parliament with responsibility for Far Eastern interests.
4th Generation
Sir Henry Keswick 1938 -
firm's offices in Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia.
     As the fund grew, it was distributed in private accounts across the globe in over 100 banks, and administered by Brigadier General Earle Cocke.   Cocke's deposition in US District Court, Southern District of New York, April 13, 2000, is a critical starting point for understanding the fund. In page 10 of the deposition, Cocke testifies he has reported on the gold to every President since Truman.  The Secretary of War proposed the idea of a trust to President Roosevelt.
(Sources: Gold Warriors: America's Secret Recovery of Yamashita's Gold, by Sterling and Peggy Seagrave," Verso, 2005, pp 96-99, and Guyatt's Project Hammer Files),
     Lansdale and Santa Romana were made responsible for recovery of the treasure, confiscated the land where much of the gold was buried, and proceeded to mine it. Several sites sit on Clark Air Force Base. Over the years, Lansdale's personal account in Zurich grew to over 30,000 metric tons – greater than the national treasury of any modern nation state. Santa Romana had multiple accounts and the largest single account was valued at over 20,000 metric tons. While these accounts were created in their names, over time it would be shown these were actually government accounts. As a point of reference, the annual gold production of the world is estimated to be 1,200 tons, and the US gold repository at Fort Knox held in 1980 was only 8,221 tons.    On his death, Santa Romana's will and his tax record have provided evidence of his fortune deposited in the US, Switzerland, Hong Kong and elsewhere.

     It would be Lansdale who would initiate a bond between the US intelligence organizations and the Israeli intelligence. It would be Lansdale that would set precedents for the Intelligence community to retain the services of organized crime.   Lansdale hired the Italian Mafia families to wage an illegal operation against the Italian Communist party.  He also hired American Mafia family heads Carlos Marcello, Santos Trafficante, Meyer Lansky, and Lucky Luciano in the US war against Fidel Castro in 1961.
     With CIA blessing, and using drug running as a way of financing activities, the Mafia set up drug supply routes back to the US. Many an Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN) operation would trace the drugs back to Mafia sources, in turn supplied through Lebanon, Turkey, Afghanistan, and elsewhere in the Middle East, only to be thwarted by the far more powerful CIA stepping in and terminating the investigation on national security grounds."
     Uncovered declassified U.S. Army counterintelligence records established that the one-time fascist war criminal suspect, Yoshio Kodama, was a contract agent of US military intelligence.  During World War II, the Kodama Agency consisted of "systematically looting China of its raw materials" and dealing in heroin, guns, tungsten, gold, industrial diamonds and radium.  In 1948, Yoshio Kodama was a leading figure in Japan's organized crime syndicate Yakuza.   (In January 1995, Japan's KYODO news-service)
    To understand the role Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church plays in US politics, one must start with Ryoichi Sasakawa, as a key money source for Moon's far-flung world empire. In the 1930s, Sasakawa was one of Japan's leading fascists. He organized a private army of 1,500 men equipped with 20 warplanes. His men dressed in black shirts to emulate Mussolini. Sasakawa was an "un-condemned Class A war criminal" suddenly freed with another accused war criminal (Source:  a PBS Frontline investigative report)
    Moon's church made its first important inroads in Japan in the early 1960s after gaining the support of Ryoichi Sasakawa, a leader of the Japanese yakuza crime syndicate who once hailed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini as "the perfect fascist." In Japan and Korea, the shadowy yakuza ran lucrative drug smuggling, gambling and prostitution rings.   In 1964, Kodama served as Chief Advisor to the Moonie subsidiary, Win Over Communism, an organization that served to protect Moon's South Korean investments. Sasakawa acted as chairman of this organization. 

     Both Sasakawa and Kodama's CIA ties are a reoccurring theme in their relationship with the Moonies.  In 1977, Congressman Donald Fraser launched an investigation into Moon's background. The 444-page Congressional report alleged Moonie involvement with bribery, bank fraud, kickbacks and arms sales and revealed that  Reverend Moon's 20,000-member Unification Church was a creation of Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) Director Kim Chong Phil as a political tool to influence US foreign policy. The CIA was the agency primarily responsible for the founding of the KCIA.
      MoonSasakawa and Kodama, first joined together in the 1960s to form the Asian People's Anti-Communist League with the aid of KCIA agents, alleged Japanese organized crime money and financial support from Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. The League concentrated on uniting fascists, right-wing, and anti-Communist forces throughout Asia.  The Taiwanese now control all the drug trafficking out of Southeast Asia.
New Zealand Great South Basin oil  and the connection to Nugan Hand Bank
     In May, 18, 1967, Texas oil billionaire Nelson Bunker Hunt, using sophisticated satellite technique to detect global deposits, discovers a huge oil source south of New Zealand in the Great South Basin.   June, 10, 1967: Hunt and New Zealand Finance Minister reach an agreement: Hunt will receive sole drilling rights.
      The Great South Basin is an area of mainly sea to the south of the South Island of New Zealand.  Starting in the 1960s, the area was explored and drilled for oil deposits by various minerals companies, mostly international, but by 1984 all of these companies had left empty-handed.
     The Great South Basin is one of New Zealand's largest undeveloped offshore basins. Situated to the east and south of Southland the Great South Basin was explored between 1976 and 1984 with eight wells drilled. Hydrocarbons were present in half of these.
     In May 10, 1968, Aristotle Onassis and William Colby and Gerald "Gerry" L. Parsky met to discuss establishment of a new CIA front company in Australia – Australasian and Pacific Holdings Limited - to be managed by Michael Hand.
     Gerald Parsky was the deputy to former CIA/FBI Robert Maheu in the Howard Hughes organization.  He took orders from Onassis and was made responsible for laundering skim money from the Onassis casino operations in Las Vegas and the Bahamas.  Using Onassis-Rockefeller banks, Chase Manhattan and Shroders, Travelodge Management Ltd, sets up another front to link the operations to the US. Onassis ran a heroin operation in the Golden Triangle (Laos, Burma, Thailand) with 200 Green Beret Mercenaries.
     Onassis made large profits when the big oil companies like MobilSocony, and Texaco signed long-term contracts at fixed prices with him for the use of his fleet.  Onassis's fortune consisted of a fleet of freighters and tankers that exceeded the 70 ships. Stocks that accounted for one-third of the capital of Onassis, in oil companies in the USA, the Middle East, and Venezuela.
    1941-1945: World War II; very profitable for Onassis, Rockefeller, Kennedys, Roosevelts, I.G. Parben, etc. Onassis selling oil, and arms to both sides went through the war without losing a single ship or man.  1949: Onassis buys U.S. surplus "Liberty Ships".
     Mid-July, 1968: Placid Oil Co and the Seven Sisters (major oil companies) begin Great South Basin oil exploration - hunt finances 45.5% of exploration costs, Gulf Oil 14.5%, Shell (US) 10%, B.P. Oil 10%, Standard Oil California 10%, Mobil 6.5% and Arco 6.5%.
     On October 12th, 1968: Hunt and Seven Sisters announce confirmation of new oil source comparable to the Alaskan North Slope – gas reserves estimated at 150 times larger than the Kapuni Field.
     In early 1969, banking operations were consolidated.  David Rockefeller becomes Chairman of Chase Manhattan; Wriston at Citibank and Michele Sindona captures the Vatican Bank,
Partnership Pacific launched by Bank of America, Bank of Tokyo and Bank of New South Wales.
     In February, 24, 1969: Aristotle Onassis calls Council meeting in Washington to discuss strategy to monopolize the Great South Basin discovery. Council members included Nelson Rockefeller and John McCloy, who managed the Seven Sisters.  McCloy outlines the plan to capture all oil and mineral resources in Australia and N.Z.
     In March 10, 1969: Gerald Parsky and Colby use Australasian and Pacific Holdings to set up a front company in Australia. Using old banks -Mellon Bank and Pittsburgh National Bank, they buy control of near-bankrupt Industrial Equity Ltd (I.E.L.).
    Asian and Pacific Holdings consultant Bob Seldon helps Michael Hand set up the new organization. Seldon took orders from Mellon and Pittsburgh National Banks, while Hand was directly responsible to Gerald Parsky and William Colby.   In August, 16, 1972 a Gulf Oil associate Bob Seldon helps establish new banking operation,  NZ international banks include Bank of New Zealand, D.F.C. (Aust), N.Z.I., Morgan Guaranty Trust, Morgan Grenfel and S.F. Warburg.
    In February 17, 1970Gerald Parsky sets up a new heroin-dollar laundry in Australia - Australian International Finance Corp. using the Irving Trust Co New York.
     In May, 26, 1972: Gerald Parsky installs Michele Sindona as owner (or more likely front man action as the owner) of Franklin National Bank, with the help of the Gambino Mafia family. Michele Sindona, acting as the go-between for the Mafia and the CIA, was the conduit between US and European banks.   The New York Justice Department indicted Michele Sindona and charged him with 99 counts of fraud, perjury and misappropriation of bank funds, which had led directly to the collapse of the Franklin National Bank. 
     In July 1982American Bishop Paul Marcinkus was implicated in the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano).  It was learned that Michael Sindona had paid a brokerage fee of 6.5 million dollars to Marcinkus for the fraudulent purchase of the Banca Cattolica del Veneto, called the "priests' bank of Venice."   Bishop Marcinkus had been a director of Ambrosiano Overseas based in Nassau, Bahamas.  After the collapse of the Banco Ambrosianoon July 11, 1979 Giorgio Ambrosoli was murdered .  He was an Italian lawyer and he was investigating the malpractice of banker Michele Sindona  However, because of the files kept by Giorgio Ambrosoli, everything was uncovered. 
      Only hours after talking to US authorities, Giorgio Ambrosoli was shot dead by three Mafia hitman commissioned by Michele Sindona. Sindona feared that Ambrosoli would expose his manipulations in the Banca Privata Italiana case.   In 1986 Sindona was sentenced to life imprisonment for having ordered the murder.
     Archbishop Paul Marcinkus was President of the Vatican Bank from 1971 through 1989.  
     Pope John Paul I was a staunch believer in ecumenism and the reduction of Church wealth. He was warm, humble and had no aspirations for the papacy.  He was praised as a liberal reformer who read Mark Twain. He was on a mission to reverse the Church's position on contraception, cleaning up the Vatican bank and dismissing many Masonic cardinals.  The Pope also wanted the Church's wealth shared with the poor. He was also on the verge of reversing the Church's position on artificial birth control, as well as cleaning up the messy Vatican Bank scandal. He was about to approve the birth-control pill. In his "Humanae Vitae," he urged pastoral clergy acceptance of contraception and also acknowledged those children born by in-vitro fertilization.
     Vatican Bank was used to finance CIA neo-fascist Italian/Latin American operations through Licio Gelli's P2 Lodge, which helped toorganize the death squads of Argentina, Uruguay and Chile. This aided the P2 members such as Klaus Barbie ('The Butcher of Lyons') and Jose Rega - organizer of the A.A.A. in Argentina. 
     On September 28, 1978, Pope John Paul I  was found dead in his bed only a month after his election to the Papacy.   ArchbishopMarcinkus was named as a possible accomplice in the murder for the purpose of covering up his dealings with the mafia.
 (Source:  In God's Name:  An Investigation into the Murder of Pope John Paul I  by investigative journalist David Yallop1984)http://www.skepticfiles.org/cp002/illumin.htm
     In early 1971, Onassis and Rockefeller use Lockheed, Northrop and Litton Industries agent Adnan Khashoggi, to organize operations in the Middle East, Iran and Indonesia. I.C.I.
set up $2.5 million slush fund to Australia and N.Z.
     It is alleged that  Aristotle Onassis was the head of a mafia the ran a world-wide empire of super-tankers in addition to doing business in arms and drug trafficking and gambling. 
(Source:  Inside the Gemstone File by Kenn Thomas and David Hatcher Childress)
     In February 1972, Onassis and Rockefeller help associate Adnan Khashoggi buy the Security Pacific National Bank in California and take control of the United California Bank through CIA-linked Lockheed Aircraft Corporation.  Both banks used by Onassis and Khashoggi to funnel bribes and payoffs via the "CIA's" Deak Bank to captive Japanese and other crooked politicians.  Security Pacific National bank was also used to launder over $2 million for Nixon's re-election campaign.
(Source:  THE OPAL FILES - PART 2)
Peter Abeles (member of the Hungarian Mafia and the former business partner with Frank Nugan)    and Henry Keswick went into business with  Canadian businessman Peter Munk.  Munk had been accused of insider-trading lawsuit in Canada in 1967. Munk would partner withAdnan KashoggiSheik Kamal and Edgar Bronfmann in a series of operations which ultimately would evolve into Barrick Gold Corporation.  
• Adnan Khashoggi is a Saudi billionaire was the international arms trafficker that has supported the October Surprise, helped Marcos sell his gold on the market; and was part of the cocaine tangle which would explode in 1986 as the ``Iran-Contra'' scandal.
David Kimche turns up in almost every covert operation ever conceived and Adnan Khashoggi, a billionaire several times over, a criminal arms trafficker and the money-man behind several major covert operations.  David Kimche was the chief of Tevel, the foreign relations unit of Mossad.

• Sheik Kamal Adham was Chief of Saudi Intelligence.
     The Bank of Montreal would be controlled by the Bronfmann family, which became heavily invested in Barrick Gold Corporation. It would be Edgar Bronfmann that would cut a deal with the Swiss banking cartel in 1998 that would derail U.S. Congressional and Israeli pressure for an investigation into the Holocaust and Marcos gold accounts.
     Barrick Gold Corporation was founded in Toronto, Canada, in 1983 by Peter Munk.  He is chairman of Barrick Gold.   Barrick Gold would become an investment for nearly every gold bullion bank associated with the Marcos gold recovery. These banks would loan gold to Barrick Gold Corp, which would then sell the borrowed gold as derivatives, with the promise of replacing the borrowed gold with their gold mining operation. 
     Peter Munk was born into a well-to-do Jewish family. With the Nazi takeover of Hungary, the Munks and family escaped to Switzerland, arriving in Basel in late August 1944.
The Barrick Gold Corporation was able to take over 1,945 acres of onetime federal land with a gold deposit worth billions for less than $10,000 because of the generous terms of the 1872 Mining Law. Munk also founded TrizecHahn Corporation, a Toronto-based integrated real estate development firm, one of the largest in North America, which owns over US$ 8 billion in real estate assets.
     The records of many of those transactions disappeared when Enron collapsed and the trading operation and all its records were taken over by UBS, another major recipient of Marcos gold. The FBI was reportedly conducting an investigation into those transactions, and the investigation files were destroyed on the North Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11th 2001.
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     A new political party, the New Zealand Party was established in May 1983.  The reason for it was that Parsky and Colby wanted Muldoon out because he had welched on a deal to set up two US military deep-water submarine bases planned for Dusky Sound and Guards Bay in the South Island.

     Former CIA executive Ray S. Cline was 'consultant' to the CIA's Deak Bank, took orders from former CIA Director William Colby, and was responsible for the 10 Australian politicians on the CIA's payroll, including Bjelke Petersen, I. Sinclair, Keating, McMullen, M.Fraser, D. Anthony, K. Newman, J Carrick, B. Cowan and R. Connor.
     Colby officially left the CIA on January 30, 1976 and Cline officially left the CIA in 1973 at age 55. 
      Parsky, Ron Brierley (aka Brierly – a New Zealand businessman) and Ray Cline hold a separate meeting to discuss the purchase of New Zealand politicians including Lange, Douglas and Bolger.
     On July 20, 1983 a New Zealand politician R. Douglas meets Ray Cline and agrees to join the organization for a monthly fee of $10,000 to be paid into an account at the Sydney Branch of the Deak Bank.
     On August 18, 1985 Cline and a 6-man CIA team begin installation of subliminal television equipment in Sydney, Brisbane and Perth.  
      In the book Acid Dreams: The CIA, LSD and the Sixties Rebellion by Martin A. Lee, he reports that a former unnamed CIA officer stated the CIA was committed to investigating whether or not subliminal messages could be used to influence the outcome of a political campaign. They were especially interested in using of subliminals in this way on television and radio.  In a January 17, 1958 declassified document, Operational Potential of Subliminal Perception, the CIA stated that it might be possible to include a subliminal message such as "Obey " in their subliminal projection and added that subliminal messages had achieved some success in commercial advertisements!  The CIA did experiments on subliminal messages under the MK/ULTA program. 
    On May 24, 1984, a four-man CIA team coordinated by Ray Cline arrive in New Zealand to begin installation of equipment for subliminal television advertising at five sites - Waiatarua, Mt Erin, Kaukau, Sugarloaf and Obelisk.  Sophisticated equipment can be installed within one kilometer of TV relay arrivals and all linked to one IDAPS computer bureau in Auckland.
The same equipment was installed in Australia August 1985; Japan September 1986; UK February 1987: New York 1987.
     On July 17, 1984, in New Zealand, subliminal advertising begins on TV Channel Two between 6pm and midnight - hours later extended to begin at noon. Subliminal messages prepared in the US by the CIA and with New Zealand election imminent, tell voters to support the Labour Party, the New Zealand Party and to buy Mafia company products. 
     William Colby would organize a 8-man 'hit squad' to be headed by former FBI agent Gordon Liddy who had worked for Colby in the 1960's as a CIA contract killer, and was responsible for over ten murders.

    In July 1983, Parsky launches a new front company, Chase Corporation, with 25% of the stock being held through Security Pacific National Bank in Australia and 25% held in Hong Kong by Chase Manhattan. Ron Brierley and Alan Hawkins set up a 'back-door' listing to cover up true-ownership. Parsky had run CIA front companies in 1968.
Gerald "Gerry" L. Parsky, a lawyer, served as Assistant Secretary to US Departments of Treasury (1974 to 1977) and Energy (underNixon); as Assistant Secretary for International Affairs with the US Department of Treasury (under Ford); the President's Council on Productivity (under Reagan); the President's Export Council (under George H.W. Bush) and the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security (under AWOL George W. Bush.  He is also a Trustee of the George Bush Presidential Library Foundation and also a Trustee of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation.  He is worth $500 million.  
Parsky was Chairman of the 1996 Republican National Convention Host Committee, in San Diego and spearheaded three Republican presidential campaigns; first as the California organizer for then-Governor George W. Bush of Texas during the primary of 2000 and finally as the Bush-Cheney California Chairman in both 2000 and 2004.
Parsky – was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and was a trustee of the George Bush Presidential Library Foundations and the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. California Governor Pete Wilson appointed Mr. Parsky to the Board of Regents of the University of California in 1996.  Gerald Parsky was one of the original partners, along with William Simon, in HonFed Savings and Loan and SoCal.
     Murdoch and Brierley expand their close ties by each taking a piece of New Zealand Maritime Holdings and with the election imminent, divide up New Zealand media for takeover. NZ News buys Hawkes Bay NewsNelson TribuneTimaru Herald, etc. Brierley increases holding in Hauraki Enterprises and other private radio stations. Brierley and Murdoch have majority stockholding in NZPA with 48.5%, while in the UK, Murdoch has large stockholding in Reuters.
   In January 1984, Equiticorp company was launched using Hawkins, with 50% of the stock held by Security Pacific National Bank and Chase Manhattan in the US.  Equiticorp is registered in Hong Kong to cover up true ownership, and will use the same laundry as Chase Corporation. Hawkins will set up a maze of shell companies and dummy organizations to disguise operations.

    Hawkins previously associated with Kashoggi when Corporate Secretary of Marac, and linked with Renouf through their stockholding in CBA Finance, which is a partner in Commercial Pacific Trust with United California Bank, Hawkins forms umbrella company with Chase Corpl, Jedi Investments and Teltherm and begins setting up a maze of cross holding companies. Brierley retains his connection through his Charter Corporation's holding in Teltherm.
 
     Parsky, Brierley and Seldon hold a separate meeting with Parsky, outlining plans for an expanded laundry operation which will coincide with the launch of 'Crack' - a cocaine product developed by CIA chemists for the world market.
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     George H. W. Bush was Barrick Gold Corp.'s chief lobbyist, a stockholder in Barrick, and honorary senior adviser to Barrick's international advisory board.

     Brian Mulroney was Canadian prime minister (1984-93), Barrick Gold lobbyist and director, and Bush's lieutenant on the Barrick international advisory board.

http://www.members.tripod.com/~american_almanac/bushgold.htm
     Bank operations of Nugan Hand were transferred to House Hold Bank in Chicago, Illinois, where William Colby would be come the unofficial counsel. There, according to Herman Skolnick, Household Bank would continue the work of Nugan Hand.  Many units of Household Finance were shortly thereafter taken over by Harris Bank, which was then taken over by the Bank of Montreal. The Bank of Montreal would be controlled by the Bronfmann family, which became heavily invested in Barrick Gold Company. It would be Edgar Bronfmann that would cut a deal with the Swiss banking cartel in 1998 that would derail US Congressional and Israeli pressure for an investigation into the Holocaust and Marcos gold accounts.
      Bronfmann Sr. was the head of the family business, Seagram Company Ltd. headquartered in Montreal, QuebecCanada and the largestdistiller of alcoholic beverages in the world.  His father was a Russian immigrant who in 1924 founded Distillers Corp. in Montreal and ran whiskey across U.S.-Canadian border during Prohibition.    In 1981, Edgar M. Bronfman Sr. was elected president of the World Jewish Congress, the federation of Jewish communities outside of Israel.   On his death at 81, he is allegedly was worth $3.5 billion. 
      Five Star Trust (bank) has been connected by these informed sources to have originated in 1983, when deposed Philippine dictatorFerdinand Marcos, Saudi billionaire Adnan Khashoggi, and Vice Pres. George H.W. Bush were allegedly looking for a repository for an estimated $3 billion in looted Philippine gold and gems. Some of the Marcos money was stashed in accounts in the Cook Islands, a dependency of New Zealand that has its own banking and corporation laws. Marcos and Khashoggi created Five Star Trust in 1983.  It was as a means to create a vehicle to use the Philippine wealth to create and funnel fungible assets.
     According to US intelligence sources, Vice Pres. Bush authorized a Boeing 747 with a special airlift of several tons of gold bars from Clark Air Force base in the Philippines to LaGuardia Airport in New York.  The gold bars were then transported to the International Diamond Exchange Vaults near Rockefeller Center. The Marcos fortune was the price exacted by Vice President Bush for his being granted asylum in Hawaii. A CIA front company called Oceaneering International of Houston was reportedly involved in airlifting some of the gold from the Philippines, in addition to sea-lifting the remainder to the state of Oregon.     During his Hawaiian exile, Marcos declared that he had givenReagan $4 million in 1980 and $8 million in 1984. (Source:  Lost History: Marcos, Money & Treason, by investigative reporter Robert Parry)
    Union Bank of Switzerland had other connections; it was a joint-venture partner with the notorious BCCI in a Geneva-based bank, and was involved in a scandal surrounding the Nugan Hand Bank, a CIA operation in Australia whose executives were advised by William Quasha,Quasha, a Filipino banker, had been at strong supporter of President Ferdinand Marcos.  Union Bank of Switzerland was also involved in scandals surrounding Panamanian money laundering by BCCI, and Ferdinand Marcos' movement of 325 tons of gold out of the Phillipines.  http://www.realchange.org/bushjr.htm 
    William Quasha owned 21 percent of Harken Energy Corporation's stock.  In September 1986, Harken Energy was purchased by a New York lawyer, Alan Quasha who father is William Quasha.  In June 1990, Bush sold two-thirds of the Harken stock he had acquired in the Spectrum 7 deal at $4 a share for $848,560 –$318,430 more than it was worth when he got it.
     Five Star Trust (bank) came up in relation to the covert activities of the Nugan Hand Bank.  Five Star entities, active and dissolved, have been discovered in the Isle of Man, the island of Nevis, the Bahamas, Florida, Kentucky, and Texas. Other Five Star-related entities stored large sums of money in the Cook Islands, according to US intelligence sources, and these funds were directly linked to Khashoggi and BCCI. Khashoggi also approached top Nigerian leaders in 1982.
     In 1989, Five Star Trust was officially established in the Isle of Man by a Houston-based attorney who was a close friend of the Bush family.  Since that time, Five Star's accounts are said to funnel more funds from Saudi Arabia as well as cash reserves hidden away in offshore artificial shells by Enron before it collapsed.  "French law enforcement authorities who investigated a major international fraud scheme involving bribes paid to Nigerian officials by Halliburton's Kellogg, Brown and Root subsidiary (while Dick Cheney was President and CEO) and its TSKJ business partners in return for a Nigerian liquefied natural gas contract, have confirmed that Five Star Trust, an off-shore entity with a presence in the Bahamas and the Isle of Man, and which is linked to the Bush family, is the subject of a major international criminal investigation.
     The scandal, known as the Technip Affair in France, involves French, American, British, Italian, Japanese, and Portuguese criminal investigations. Five Star Trust funds were moved illegally into the United States from Nigeria and other off-shore locations through the use of counterfeit "markers" used to secretly transfer large sums of money outside normal (and surveilled) banking networks like SWIFT." 
     It was such a counterfeit marker, a money order from Canada's Laurentian Bank.
And the intrigue does not end with Fuller and Bush. In the late 1980s, Oceaneering needed to come up with some capital. A New York financial investment manager named James Marquez steered investors into stocks of Oceaneering. He also pushed for Halliburton.   Marquez and his partner Samuel Israel II would later establish the Bayou Management hedge fund. In December 2006, Marquez pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit fraud with Israel and was later sentenced to 51 months in prison. In June of this year Israel faked his own suicide in New York but turned himself in to federal law enforcement last month. Israel is serving a 20-year prison sentence for investment fraud. 
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     US intelligence operations had been siphoning off the Marcos gold for three decades. Ferdinand Marcos, however, continued to discover even more of the buried treasure. Marcos had started to sell it on the market during the 1970s in bits and pieces, with the assistance of Adnan Khashoggi.
     For some unknown reason, the Enterprise decided they wanted it all in 1986. That reason is now known – to fund a financial war against the Soviet Union. Vice President George Bush ultimately took the gold from Marcos in 1986 when Marcos was forced out of office. It is estimated that Marcos was in possession of 73,000 tons of gold at that time. In removing Marcos from office, the US was supported by his General Fidel Ramos, who defected from Marcos's ranks to support Corazon Aquino. Fidel Ramos was later made a Board member of theCarlyle Group. The Marcos gold was removed to a series of banks, most notably Citibank, Chase Manhattan, Hong Kong Shanghai Banking Corporation, UBS and Banker's Trust, and held in a depository in Kloten Switzerland. Bush administrators involved in the forced departure of Marcos were Richard Armitage and Paul Wolfowitz. Adnan Khashoggi was also involved, helping move the gold. It was at this time that Khashoggi , Shiek Kamal Adham, Khalid bin Mahfouz, and Peter Munk would create a Canadian gold mining company called Barrick Gold.

• Adnan Khashoggi was the international arms merchant that has supported the October Surprise and Iran-Contra deals and helped Marcos sell his gold on the market;

• Sheik Kamal Adham was Chief of Saudi Intelligence;

• Khalid bin Mahfouz was a Saudi investor in several Bush family companies, notably Harken Energy, and a 20% owner of the BCCI criminal banking enterprise.

     Much later, Kashoggi and Adham would be primary investors in a Dubai base company named Oryx. Oryx, along with US investor Wally Hilliard would later be shown to have the backing of the Bush family, Jeb Bush in particular.  Wally Hilliard became owner of Huffman Aviation where Mohammad Atta and several September 11 hijackers would do their flight training.

     Barrick would become a quiet gold producing partner for a number of major banks, and its activities subject to an FBI investigation into gold-price-fixing. The records on this investigation were kept in the FBI office on the 23rd floor of the North Tower which was destroyed by bomb blasts shortly before the Tower collapsed on Sept. 11, 2001. The ultimate destination of the Golden Lily Treasure, and the source of the loaned gold that flooded the market for 10 years  has never been officially explained.

     A key player in the Marcos gold would be Banker's Trust, which was taken over by Alexander "Alex" Brown & Sons (investment bank) after Banker's Trust floundered financially on its Russian loans in the mid 1990s. These Russian loans were facilitated by Enron, starting in August of 1993, and very possibly were part of the Project Hammer (the takeover of Soviet industry). Alex Brown bank`s involvement would bring to the forefront the names of three names of individuals who would play multiple roles in this mystery:  Those three individuals were Buzz Krongard, Mayo Shattuck and J Carter Beese Jr.

     A.B. "Buzz" Krongard is reported as the mentor of Beese and Shattuck from their years together at Alex Brown. Additionally, he managed the merger between Bankers Trust and Deutschebank Alex Brown.  Bankers Trust, Zurich was a key Marcos gold holder. Krongard would move on to become Chairman of the investment bank A.B. Brown, Vice Chairman of Banker's Trust, and Executive Director of the CIA. In January 2008, Krongard resigned from the Board of Blackwater. His brother Howard simultaneously quit as State Department Inspector General, after he was exposed for blocking Blackwater investigations.


    Mayo Shattuck
 would be reported to be the personal banker for Adnan Khashoggi and Edgar Bronfmann during their partnership at Barrick Gold. He would move on to become the CEO of Deutschebank who would resign as CEO for unexplained reasons the day after September 11, 2001 and would not be at the WTC office that day when the tower collapsed. It was his bank that was identified as the source of the illegal stock options that indicated there was insider trading on September 1, 2001.

   After September 11, he would immediately move over to the firm that would replace Enron as the primary oil and gold derivatives trader – Constellation Energy.
     Lifelong Bush family functionary, John Carter Beese Jr. went to school at the CIA training facilities of the US War College and John Hopkins. In 1987 Beese was listed among the founders of the Carlyle Group, (that had a $60 billion dollar portfolio as of 2008).  George H.W. Bush appointed him to the board of directors of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation in 1992. Since 1992, OPIC has provided more than $4.5 billion in finance and insurance to more than 140 projects in Russia. He was an SEC Commissioner (appointed in 1992 by Bush) and he was CFO at the Bush family controlled Alex Brown & Sons from 1994 to 1997. Alex Brown bank was started by Prescott Bush, grandfather of  George H.W. Bush.
    Beese ties to the Bush family date back to the mid-1970s. While a student at Florida's Rollins College he was friendly with Marvin Bush, youngest brother of President George W. At age 24 Beese was named finance co-chair of George H.W. Bush's unsuccessful 1980 presidential bid. In another insider placement, Beese rose through the ranks at Alex Brown and worked under Buzz Krongard.    He was also President of Riggs Capital Partners.  Riggs Capital Partners was created right after the Jonathan Bush joined the bank (the brother of George H.W. Bush).  Jonathan brought with him the accounts of several Saudi Royals, including that of Prince Bandar bin Sultan, the one-time Saudi ambassador to the U.S.
     After 9/11, it was learned that Prince Bandar's wife had actually sent more than $70,000 to a San Diego couple, who then turned it over to two of the 9/11 hijackers.  The matter of Bandar's wife's involvement was not pursued by the FBI (also known as a cover up). 
     Beese was also Chairman of Riggs National Bank, when evidence of international money laundering led to the bank's downfall in 2004. Riggs Bank was fined more than $40 million dollars for hiding transactions involving the Saudi Royals, money transfers to the alleged 9/11 hijacker, former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, and a corrupt regime in Equatorial Guinea.
     Carter Beese, 50, committed suicide in April 11, 2007 at a home in Malibu, Calif.  He was being treated for depression, family members said.
    George H.W. Bush became director of Joe Allbritton's Houston Interstate Bank after leaving his post as Director of the CIA in 1976. Allbritton would eventually control 41% of Riggs' stock.
 Riggs Bank controlled the famous Riggs-Valmet consultants who set up the international financial apparatus for the Russian oligarchs and rogue KGB allowing them to steal the Soviet treasury and destroy the Russian economy.
     In 1988, Riggs Bank, under the direction of Jonathan Bush and J Carter Beese, would purchase controlling interest in a Swiss company named Valmet. In early 1989, the new subsidiary of Riggs called Riggs-Valmet would initiate contact with a group of KGB officers and their front-men to start setting up an international network for moving money out of the former Soviet block countries.
     In the first phase of the economic attack on the Soviet Union, George Bush authorized Leo Wanta and others to destabilize the ruble and facilitate the theft of the Soviet/Russian treasury. This would result in draining the Russian treasury of between 2,000 to 3,000 tons of gold bullion, ($35 billion at the time).   In the meantime, Riggs Bank was quickly solidifying banking relations with two of the old Iran-Contra scandal participants: Swiss bankers Bruce Rappaport, and Alfred Hartmann. Through this group George Soros opened a second front assault on the ruble. It is at this stage of the operation that three more groups would be brought into the plan by Rappaport and Hartmann: The Russian Mafia, the Israeli Mossad, and the Rothschild family interests represented by Jacob Rothschild.
     This step would prevent a monetary defense of the ruble and thus destabilize the currency. The gold was `stolen' in March of 1991, facilitated by Leo Wanta and signed off by Boris Yeltsin's right hand man. The majority of the leaked reports from the CIA and FBI suggest the theft of the Russian treasury was a KGB and Communist party operation, but what those reports omitted was the extensive involvement of Boris Yeltsin, the U.S. CIA and the U.S. banking industry.
     In November 1989 George H.W. Bush appears to have arranged for Alton G. Keel Jr, to go to work at Riggs Bank, which would become the controlling owner of a small Swiss bank operation known as Valmet. The Riggs-Valmet operation, would become the `consultants' to the World Bank and to several KGB front operations run by future Russian oligarchs Khordokovsky, Konanykhine, Berezovsky and Abromovich.
     These soon-to-be Russian oligarchs had been set-up as front men by KGB General Aleksey (Alexei) Kondaurov; and General Fillipp Bobkov, who previously reported to Victor Cherbrikov, who worked with Robert Maxwell, a British financial mogul, an Israeli secret service agent, and a representative of US intelligence interests.
    The KGB was well aware of President Bush's eagerness to see a collapse of Gorbachev. The CIA was moving hundreds of millions of dollars to the Generals before the coup through Robert Maxwell. Many who observed the coup described it as a fake coup, which was never intended to succeed. Yeltsin himself writes in his memoirs that the coup was actually a veiled, pro-Yeltsin coup. The generals who conducted the coup said the same.

    A1991 coup against Gorbachev was engineered by KGB General Vladimir Kruchkov who reported to General Victor Cherbrikov.  
These two would bring a previously unknown politician, Boris Yeltsin to the forefront of Russian politics by providing 50% of Yeltsin's campaign funding.  
Both of these men were business partners with Robert Maxwell.. Maxwell assisted Cherbrikov in selling military weaponry to Iran and the Nicaraguan Contras during the course of the Iran Contra deals, and made hundreds of millions of dollars available to Cherbrikov's Russian banks. It had been Maxwell that initiated the dialogue about a coup with Kruchkov. In the same month as the coup, Maxwell was in Russia and received $780 million dollars from the CIA via the Israelis to pass on to General Kruchkov. Maxwell's chief U.S. connection was Senator John Tower, who was long time confidante of George H.W. Bush and participant in the October Surprise. After his Senatorial career, Tower actually worked for Maxwell on the Board of one of Maxwell's smaller publishing firms - Pergamon-Brassey. 

     In this operation, Maxwell was supported by a former four star general, a retired U.S. Air Force General and a retired British Major General.  Senator Tower had arranged for the Israeli government to provide a $1 billion dollar loan to Maxwell in 1988, and given the generosity of US financial aid to Israel, it might be fair to argue this was a pass-through loan.
      In the second phase, there were two major operations: the largest was coordinated by Alan Greenspan, Oliver North, (and implemented byLeo Wanta), George Soros and a group of Bush appointees who began to destabilize the ruble. They are accused of fronting $240 billion in covert securities to support the various aspects of this plan. These bonds were created (in part or in whole) from a secretive Durham Trust, managed by ex-OSS/CIA officer, Colonel Russell Hermannwho was a fund controller for the CIA's covert fund.  The war chest had been created with the Marcos gold.
     Mrs. V.K. Durham, wife of Russell Herman, has contended in sworn testimony that George H.W. Bush, Oliver North and Alan Greenspan forced her husband into relinquishing the funding for the bonds on that date. They later forged Herman's signature on related financial transactions.
     Shortly before the attempted coup of 1991, Robert Maxwell met Kruchkov on Maxwell's private yacht. Shortly afterwards, Maxwell died mysteriously on his yacht.   Maxwell's wife was advised by a CIA agent to discourage any investigation into her husband's death if she valued her life. Robert Maxwell had been introduced to George Bush in 1976 by Senator Tower for the sole purpose of using Maxwell as an intermediary between Bush and the Soviet Intelligence.
 Senator Tower died in a plane crash under suspicious circumstances in April of 1991.


Nicholas Deák was born to a family of bankers and lawyers in a part of Transylvania that now part of Rumania, Deak was educated in Hungary, Austria, Switzerland and France and he immigrated to the US.  He founded Deak & Co. a foreign exchange firm in New York in 1939.   He became a senior intelligence officer in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II.   He established two o subsidiaries, Deak-Perera U.S. and a foreign commerce bank, Deak National Bank.   Eventually he had 70 currency outlets throughout the world. In the gold-rush days of the late 1970s, Deak & Co. was handling 20% of U.S. retail gold sales.
     In March 1978, Deak & Co. was convicted by a federal court and fined $20,000 on charges of failing to report $11 million in large currency transactions by two Philippine businessmen. Then in October 1984 the President's Commission on Organized Crime charged that the firm had been involved in a multimillion-dollar laundering operation for international drug dealers. The Treasury Department handed down a $572,000 civil penalty against a Deak subsidiary in connection with the drug-money case.  In 1984, Deak & Co. faced allegations from the President's Commission on Organized Crime that they laundered money for Latin American drug traffickers, facilitated the Lockheed bribery scandals, and smuggled currency from the Philippines.  Nicholas Deak's son, Robert served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Deak-Perera. He was also the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of American National Bank of New York.  http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1074802-2,00.html
     It is through Frank Nugan (of Nugan Hand Bank) and his business partner Peter Abeles, that insight is provided to the flow of some of this Marcos treasure. Their bank, Nugan Hand Bank would be one of the many banks used for transferring the Marcos gold from the Philippines into covert operations. Peter Abeles was reputed to be a member of what was known in Australia as the Hungarian Mafia and a partner with Sir Henry Keswick.  Henry Keswick was the son of John Keswick.

     Barrick Gold would become an investment for nearly every gold bullion bank associated with the Marcos gold recovery.  These banks would loan gold to Barrick, which would then sell the borrowed gold as derivatives, with the promise of replacing the borrowed gold with their gold mining operation. The records of many of those transactions disappeared when Enron collapsed and the trading operation and all its records were taken over by Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS), another major recipient of Marcos gold. 
      The Nugan Hand bank was founded as a funding operation for US covert operations in Australia, and was a conduit for Marcos gold. One of the objectives of this a shadow CIA front bank was to bring about the pre-mature closure of the Australian labor government. The Whitlam government had quietly threatened to nationalize subsidiaries of American corporations.
       From late 1973 until April of 1975 (the end of the Vietnam war), CIA officer Theodore Shackley, Thomas Clines and Navel Intelligence officer Richard Armitage disbursed/handled a vast amount of the profits from their sale of opium by the CIA's secret army in Laos headed by Vang Pao. Former Special Forces Lt. Colonel James "Bo" Gritz stated the Richard Armitage "handled the [opium] money with the banks in Australia."
     The money was also secretly smuggled out of Vietnam in large suitcases, by Maj. Gen. Richard Secord, USAF (who resign from the US Air Force in 1983) and Thomas Clines and carried into Australia, where it was deposited in a secret, personal bank account (privately accessible to Theodore Shackley, Thomas Clines and Richard Secord).  Also between 1973 and 1975, Theodore Shackley and Thomas Clines stole thousands of tons of US weapons, ammunition, and explosives that had been secretly removed from South Vietnam and stored at a secret cache hidden inside Thailand.
     The "liaison officer" to Shackley and Clines during this 1973 to 1975 period, from the "40 Committee" in the Nixon White House was an Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, one Eric Von Marbod. Von Marbod supervisor was Henry Kissinger.
    The subsequent inquiries have established the Nugan-Hand bank was to be the organization used as cover for the operations of Task Force 157. The Task Force 157 was a group set up by Henry Kissinger.  It was a mini-CIA which was actually separate from the CIA and probably was set up by Kissinger so he could deny any connection between what the Task Force 157 was doing and the CIA. Nevertheless, the personnel of Task Force 157 included Ted Shackley, who was one of the head of sabotage operations against Cuba, he was Station Chief in Saigon during the Vietnam War, and he was the Chief of the CIA Western Hemisphere Division, so with an impeccable CIA record like that it would be very difficult to disassociate him from what the CIA was doing.  The concept of Task Force 157 seems to have been two-fold: firstly, to set up operations against the Whitlam government.  And secondly, to go ahead with using Australia as a base for certain clandestine US operations such as arms dealing and smuggling of contraband goods.
     Admiral Bobby Inman who was connected of Task Force 157, a former Deputy Director of the National Security Agency and Deputy Director of the CIA, said on two occasions that he expressed deep concern that investigations of Nugan-Hand would lead to disclosure of a range of dirty tricks played against the Whitlam government (Australian labor government).  Inman eventually shut down Task Force 157 covert operations.   Bank operations were transferred to House Hold Bank in Chicago, Illinois, where William Colby would become the unofficial counsel. There, according to Herman Skolnick, Household Bank would continue the work of Nugan Hand.
     In South east Asia operations were financed through Nugan Hand Bank in Sydney, Australia which would be one of the many banks used for transferring the Marcos gold from the Philippines into covert operations.   The Nugan Hand Bank begins operations with 30% of the stock held by Australasian and Pacific Holdings (100% a Chase Manhattan Bank), 25% by CIA's front company , and 25% by South Pacific Properties and 20% held by Seldon, Nugan and Hand.
    Bernie Houghton also brought on board Admiral Yates, a retired chief strategist for the U.S. Pacific Command.  According to retired Air Force officer Alexander Butterfield, Houghton worked with him as an intelligence officer during the Vietnam War.   Butterfield served in Australia as a senior Defense Department representative.   After retiring from the Air Force, Butterfield became Deputy Assistant to the President and supervised internal security at the White House working closely with the Secret Service. Butterfield also helped to organize the installation of the Nixon's secret taping system in the White House.  Allan Parks, a former air force colonel stated that Houghton "ferried C-47s, cargo airplanes" in South-East Asia. Parks adds that Houghton was also connected to General John K. Singlaub, who ran covert air operations throughout the Vietnam-Laos-Thailand war.
The following were the members of the board of directors of Nugan-Hand bank.
Bernie Houghton
Frank Nugan
Michael Hand
Admiral Earl F. Yates  (manager of the of Sydney Australia branch);
 General Leroy J. Manor (manager of the Manila branch);
General Edwin F. Black (president of Hawaii branch);
BG Erle Cocke Jr. (president D.C. branch);
Dr. Guy Parker (an expert from the RAND Corporation who came on as a bank consultant);
Major General Richard Secord (while he was still on active duty  -  he retired in 1983).
Walter McDonald (retired CIA deputy director, headed Annapolis branch);
Dale Holmgreen (former chairman CIA's Civil Air Transport, manager Taiwan branch);
 Theodore Shackley (former CIA deputy director for clandestine operations);
Richard L. Armitage (was special consultant to the Pentagon in Thailand who oversaw the transfer of heroin profits from Indonesia to Shackley's account in Tehran),
William Colby (former director of the CIA as legal counsel),
and Patry Loomis (former CIA officer). 
 Maj. Gen. John "Jack" K. Singlaub had a long history of involvement in covert operations, beginning with service in the World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS). He had served as CIA Desk Officer for China in 1949 and Deputy Chief of Station in South Korea during the Korean War, In 1964 Singlaub became chief of Military Assistance Command Studies and Observation Group (MACV-SOG) - Operation Phoenix.   After Pres.Carter decided to cut the number of US troops stationed in South Korea, MG Singlaub publicly denounced the Carter's decision.  Singlaub was chief-of-staff of the United Nations command in Seoul and had spent the better part of his life building up the Korean generals as a solid rock of anti-communism in the Far East.  On March 21, 1977, President Carter immediately relieved him of his command and Singlaub was forced to resign from the army.
In early 1982 Singlaub organized an American chapter of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL), called the United States Council for World Freedom (USCWF).
Eric von Marbod - Lifelong associate of Armitage, Shackley, Clines, et al. Vietnam hand connected to CIA/Laotian heroin. He headed the Defense Security Assistance Agency for the Pentagon in the Reagan years, which provided cover for a multitude of covert ops connected to the Contras and other activities.  

Rafael Quintero (aka Chi Chi Quintero) helped move drug money into the Nugan Hand Bank in Sydney from the profits of drug trafficking in South Vietnam.  During the late 1980s, Quintero acted as liaison to the Contras.  

DEA special agent Michael Levine told me he saw heroin being shipped in bodies by the CIA while working undercover in Thailand at the time. When he tired to report this, his report on this drug trafficking was covered up by DEA.  US Justice Department covered-up and failed to investigate or prosecute the drug trafficking case.US Customs Attaché to Thailand, Joe Jenkins and an unknown named CIA Officer.  The Department of Justice along with the CIA and the State Departments covered up and failed to prosecute DEA agent Michael Levine open and shut case  US v Liang Sae Tiew, et al., in July 1971. (Source:  Deep Cover (1990) and The Big White Lie, (1993) by Michael Levine)  https://deeppoliticsforum.com/forums/showthread.php?5997-quot-War-on-Drugs-quot-CIA-Recruited-Mercenaries-and-Drug-Traffickers

     David Westrate - High ranking DEA official who handled sensitive intelligence liaison between CIA, DEA and Congress dating back to the mid-70s. He rose to become Assistant DEA Administrator. 

      The Irving Trust Bank's New York Branch establishes US links between the CIA and Nugan Hand Bank.  It had a worldwide network of 22 banks set up to: "launder" money from Onassis heroin operations in the Golden Triangle and Iran; as a CIA funnel to pro-US political parties in Europe and Latin America, a spying conduit for information from Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand; and finance arms smuggled to Libya, Indonesia, South America, Middle East and Rhodesia using the CIA officer Edward Wilson.

     From February to June 1973, William Colby and Kissinger use key CIA and Naval Intelligence officers to oversee the operation, includingWalter McDonald (former Deputy Director CIA), Dale Holmgren (Flight Service Manager CIA Civil Air Transport), Robert Jansen(former CIA Station Chief, Bangkok), etc.

     Heroin was flown into Australia by CIA's Air America and trans-shipped to Onassis lieutenant in Florida, Santos Trafficante Jr, assisted by Australian Federal Bureau of Narcotics officials and coordinated by CIA officer Ray Cline.  In August 18,1973Ray Cline and Michael Hand meet in Adelaide to discuss CIA plan to establish spying operations in New Zealand.
On February 26, 1974, the CIA implement a new spying and eavesdropping operation targeting France, Chile, West Germany and Israel.


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     So what did the shadow CIA due with all the money they laundered thru Nugan Hand bank?  They were influencing the internal affairs of Australia and New Zealand.   After Watergate and the Church Committee investigations into the crimes of the CIA, funding started coming from the Shadow CIA to prevent Congressional oversight.  Of course, it is an violation of international law to influence the internal affairs of a foreign nation.

     One of the most successful CIA covert operations concerns the removal of Gough Whitlam, the prime minister of Australia.  As leader of the Labour Party he advocated the abolition of conscription and Australian withdrawal from the Vietnam War.  In 1971 he visited China promising to establish diplomatic relations. This left-wing stance was popular with the Australian people and on December 2, 1972 won election.  After 23 years of continuous conservative rule as well as conservative state governments, Whitlam embarked on a massive legislative reform program.

     Whitlam tried to pass legislation including for;

• a universal, free health insurance system to be known as Medibank.
• Regulate the size of House of Representatives electorates to ensure one vote one value.
• Institute government overseeing of exploitation of minerals and oil.

However the Australian Senate prevented this from happening. The introduction of universal health care was his greatest legacy, and he also did great things for indigenous Australians with the introduction of the Aboriginal Land Council and the handing back of much Commonwealth land to its traditional custodians.

    In mid-1974, Gough Whitlam refuses to waive restrictions on overseas borrowings to finance Alwest Aluminium Consortium of Rupert Murdoch, BHP and R.J. Reynolds. Whitlam had also ended Vietnam War support and blocked uranium mining.  The CIA discovered that Whitlam wanted more control over the NSA satellite downlink base, Pine Gap near Alice Springs. This was very important for American satellite intelligence operations. This was followed on November 2, 1975, by Whitlam making a speech claiming that the CIA had been funding the National Country Party

     Whitlam's foreign policy upset the CIA and the Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO). Whitlam became convinced that the ASIO was plotting against him.
According to Frank Snepp, his boss, CIA officer Ted Shackley began to plot Whitlam's removal. CIA officer Ray Cline and CIA boss William Colby have both admitted that the left-wing government in Australia caused a crisis for the CIA. CIA boss James Angleton claimed that Whitlam was a Soviet agent.

     On 8th November, 1975, Ted Shackley sent a message of the ASIO, pointing out the dangers posed by Whitlam. Three days later, Governor-General Sir John Kerr, dismissed Whitlam and installed Australian Defense Secretary Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister until a federal election could be held.   On July 22, 1978, the Director of Australian Federal Bureau of Narcotics suspends his investigation into the Nugan Hand Bank after pressure from the CIA and Australian politicians, particularly Malcolm Fraser.

    For some background into Australian politics, it is interesting to note that in the summer of 1967, Australia's Prime Minister Harold Holt, 59, allegedly drowned.  He was an experienced swimmer, a keen snorkeler and spear fisherman. His body was never recovered and people speculated that he was assassinated because he intended to pull Australian troops out of Vietnam. 

     The Ruppert Murdoch's press now launched a massive propaganda campaign against the Labour Party and the National Country Partywon the new election. The Shadow CIA gave Murdoch covert funds that saved his nearly bankrupt newspaper.

     In mid- 1974, New Zealand's Prime Minister Norman Kirk had introduced a new, tough Anti-Monopoly Bill and had tried to redistribute income from big companies to the labor force through price regulation and a wages policy.  He had also rejected plans to build a second aluminum smelter near Dunedin and was preparing the Petroleum Amendment Bill to give more control over New Zealand oil resources.

   Kirk found out that Hunt Petroleum, drilling in the Great South Basin, had discovered a huge resource of oil comparable in size to the North Sea or Alaskan North Slope. Gas reserves alone now estimated at 30 times bigger than Kapuni and oil reserves of at least 20 billion barrels - enough for New Zealand to be self-sufficient for years. Oil companies completely hushed up these facts. To have announced a vast new oil source would probably mean a decline in world oil prices, which would not have allowed OPEC and Onassis plans for the Arabs to eventuate. N.Z. could be exploited at a later date, particularly since the North Sea operations were about to come on stream - Kirk was the last to hold out.


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      Getting back to the money laundering banking crap-o-la - in 1976, the US Congress cut back on funding for CIA covert operations, but the Shadow CIA is able to run covert operations off the books until 1984, when funding is legalized again. 

     Nugan Hand bank would be one of the many banks used to transfer Marcos gold from the Philippines into the shadow CIA's covert operations.   Retired US Army Reserve Major General George Olmsted, (the former head of OSS China during World War II) was the head and owner of International Bank a Washington DC bank holding.  I could not find out where he got the money to buy this bank.  It is possible he comes from a rich family.  You tell me.  This banks holding company has some five or six sub-entities/big businesses. 

     In 1948, Olmsted and Secretary of State Edward R. Stettinius created International Registries, Inc. (IRI).   After Stettinius died in 1950, ownership of IRI passed to Olmsted's International Bank in Washington, DC.  IRI's shipping operations had previously been shifted to the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Liberian International Ship and Corporate Registry, is a contrivance that has masked thousands of questionable shipping and intelligence operations, banks, and corporations.

     In 1959, George Olmsted purchased Financial General Corporation, the 7th largest bank holding company in the country.   Financial General Corporation was a domestic bank holding company which held controlling interests in 26 banks located in 7 states and the District of Columbia.

   In March 1973 Olmsted had the International Bank (which "had a reputation as a CIA bank") buy 66 percent of the capital stock of the failing Mercantile Bank in the Bahamas (Castle Bank's predecessor), even though "International Bank's officers knew the actual state of Mercantile's (bad) financial health."   

     A good way to launder money is thru a company that on its books appears to be losing lots of money.  Castle Bank also did mysterious transactions with a Cayman Islands firm, ID Corporation. ID Corp's sole owner, the American Shig Katayama, became know as one of the key facilitators of Lockheed Corp.'s huge payoffs to Japanese politicians in return for airplane contracts.  In the early 1950s, Katayama job was to handle narcotics for the U.S intelligence work.

     The Wall Street Journal investigative journalist, Jonathan Kwitny, became convinced that the Nugan Hand Bank had replaced the Castle Bank and Trust Company in Nassau, as the CIA's covert banker,  The bank, run by Paul Helliwell, was forced to close after the Internal Revenue Service discovered that he Castle Bank was laundering CIA funds and drug profits.
(Source:  The Crimes of Patriots and Endless Enemies  by Jonathan Kwitny)

     Starting in 1977, International Bank started to sell its stock in Financial General Bankshares (later known as First American Bankshares  a major American bank holding company, (a bank that owns a whole lot of banks)  to BCCI front men, who later took over First American for BCCI.

     In 1974 the Nugan Hand Bank got involved in helping the CIA to take part in covert arms deals with contacts within Angola. It was at this time that CIA officer Edwin Wilson became involved with the bank. Two CIA agents based in Indonesia, James Hawes and Robert Moore, called on Wilson at his World Marine offices to discuss "an African arms deal". Later, Bernie Houghton arrived from Sydney to place an order for 10 million rounds of ammunition and 3,000 weapons including machine guns. The following year Houghton asked Wilson to arrange for World Marine to purchase a high-technology spy ship. This ship was then sold to Iran.

     An investigation by the Australia/New South Wales Joint Task Force on Drug Trafficking discovered that the clients of the Nugan Hand Bank included several people who had criminal convictions relating to drug offences. According to the records the bank was making $100,000 a year from tax advice. In reality, it was receiving it for money laundering.   Michael Hand then promptly fled Australia under a false identity on a flight to Fiji in June 1980. Bernie Houghton also disappeared at this time and it is believed both men eventually reached the United States.

     The Australian government asked the Royal Commissioner D. G. Stewart to investigate the Nugan-Hand Bank scandal. The Royal Commission report was published in June, 1985. It stated that the "Nugan Hand Ltd. was at all times insolvent... and flouted the provisions of the legislation as it then stood in that large volumes of currency were moved in and out of Australia.

     Accuracy in Media ( a right-wing organization) defended the Nugan-Hand Bank claiming it was really an honest but hard-luck banking organization that had been maligned by an anti-military press.

     As the Australian government's investigation started look closely, the shadow CIA moved its money to Iran and into a bank in Hawaii.   In Iran, Armitage the was the person in charge of funds from the Vang Pao opium money for Shackley and Clines' planned "Secret Team" ( or shadow CIA), between May and August of 1975, set up a secret financial conduit inside Iran, into which secret Vang Pao drug funds could be deposited from Southeast Asia. The purpose of this conduit was to serve as the vehicle for secret funding by Shackley's "Secret Team," of a private, non-CIA authorized "Black" operations inside Iran.

    The Nugan Hand Bank was closed in January 1980 within several days of the unsolved murder or suicide of Frank Nugan. The reasons for his murder have never been identified, but during that time, the operation was at risk of being exposed.   Nugan Hand bank  than it shifted operations to Household Bank in Chicago, Illinois and Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham & Wong (BBRDW - bank) in Honolulu, and than to Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI). 

     Ronald Rewald provided author Rodney Stich with a large amount of information about the CIA's money laundering bank, Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham & Wong (BBRDW - bank) in Honolulu.   By the end of 1980, BBRDW began setting up offices in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Singapore, and Australia, all former Nugan Hand Bank locations, staffing the offices with over 30 CIA officers.  The CIA used BBRDW as an international investment company cover, with 120 employees staffing offices in sixteen countries, including Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Taiwan, New Zealand, Singapore, London, Paris, Stockholm, Brazil and Chile. CIA personnel opened and operated these far-flung offices.  BBRDW was involved heavily in funding covert CIA programs throughout Asia, including economic espionage against Japan, providing arms for Afghan mujaheddin guerrillas in their war against the Soviets and covertly supplying weapons to Taiwan.

    Rewald told Rodney Stich that he had recorded a list of high-level people with secret CIA-funded bank accounts and the covert aliasesused on the bank accounts were in financial institutions in Hong Kong, Switzerland, and the Caymans.  Here is the list of names:

Covert aliases:                     Real names:  ___________________________________                        
Irwin M. Peach                   George HW Bush
Mr. Bramble                       George HW Bush
Commander Quinstar         General Hunter Harris, Jr., USAF, (CINCPACAF)                                
Mr. Apan                            Robert W. Jinks
Mr. Grey                             Robert Allen
Farrah Fawn                       Jackie Vos
General Shake                   Gen. Arnold Braswell   (CINCPACAF), Hawaii
Mr. Branch                         Richard Armitage (was U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense)
Mr. Denile                          William Casey (was Director of the CIA)
Slimey Affirm                    Stanley Sporkin  (legal counsel for CIA, and then a federal judge)
Captain Perjury                  Ned Avary
Attorney Doright                Robert Smith
B.K. Kim                           Philippine President Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos

      General Hunter Harris called President George HW Bush to alert him that the cover on BBRDW had been blown, and wanted instructions as to how to proceed. CIA Director William Casey, then called Robert W. Jinks, and told him to work with Robert Allen.  Jinks was then ordered to proceed to Texas to get bank account numbers and then go to the Cayman Islands where the subsidiary Texas bank accounts were located.   Rewald's notes indicated that someone from CIA headquarters at Langley or an associate of Robert Allen, eventually went to the Cayman Islands and moved BBRDW funds to another offshore country.   Robert Smith learned that a General in Texas was to give Robert Jinks bank account information and that he, Robert Smith, was to go to the Cayman Island to retrieve the hidden money.   Similar efforts were being taken to remove funds from BBRDW and subsidiary accounts in Hong Kong and Switzerland. 

      Rewald wrote in his notes that he had met President George Bush twice in Hawaii, and had been invited to meet with the president in Washington for lunch or dinner.  CIA allowed the firm to collapse in 1983.   Isn't that interesting,  Five Star Trust starts up just as BBRDW shuts down, just like Nugan Hand Bank  shut down and BBRDW started up.
[Drugging America – the Trogan Horse by Rodney Stich)